Retrouvez les industriels du secteur de l'Agroéquipement et leurs produits.
Le secteur regroupe des entreprises qui produisent et commercialisent des équipements et des matériels, fixes et roulants, destinés à divers utilisateurs.
Téléchargez le numéro 18 d'AXEMAG, le journal des industriels de l'Agroéquipement
AXEMAG NUMERO 18
Setting up standards is an essential activity for the agricultural equipment sector. Manufacturers are faced with multiple issues that they may not be able to overcome without the support of the technical guidelines that the standards provide. This is why Axema's experts work alongside business to help them formulate and then defend the industry's position.
1. Identifying the various standards
Dimensional standards are crucial to the compatibility of tractors and machinery, as are standards relating to the characteristics of coupling systems, and to electrical, hydraulic and data network (ISOBUS) connections.
Safety standards provide solutions for eliminating or reducing risks linked to the use of machinery, and meet regulatory requirements for health and safety at work.
Environmental standards make it possible for the designer to reduce the machinery's impact on various aspects of the environment such as water quality, air quality, and ambient noise. They also enable compliance with regulatory requirements.
Lastly, the standards for tests underpin the above standards. They make it possible to characterise performance, whether related to operation, safety or the environmental impact.
Given the internationalisation of exchanges, standards are now drawn up in an international framework; this can be European (CEN) or worldwide (ISO). As a result, they are either European or global in application.
National standards are now practically never created, but in all cases the standards are the result of the confrontation of national positions established in sector-based commissions in each country. There the commissions are coordinated by a standardisation body that is a member of CEN and SO. This body is AFNOR in France, DIN in Germany, BSI in the United Kingdom, etc. The national delegations then work in CEN or ISO groups or committees.
2. Structuring the commissions
In 2013, Axema promoted a reorganisation of the work in France by structuring the commissions around product families that were homogeneous and consistent from the viewpoint of businesses. Each of these commissions is chaired by a representative from one of the businesses concerned, and the secretariat is provided either by AFNOR (www.afnor.fr) or by UNM ("Union de Normalisation de la Mécanique": the French Machinery Standardisation Union, www.unm.fr).
UNM 951: Common specifications – Safety, sustainable development, agrotics, symbols, terminology, etc.
U01A: Agricultural and forestry tractors – Tractors, front-end loaders, backhoes, couplers, PTO shafts
U26A: Crop protection – Self-propelled, towed and mounted sprayers, fixed and semi-mobile sprayers, backpack sprayers, mist sprayers
UNM 952: Harvesting, Packaging – Combine-harvesters, forage harvesters, presses, bale wrappers, tedders/wind-rowers, mowers, shredders, potato harvesters, beet harvesters, mechanical harvesters, vine trimmers, grain driers, etc.
UNM 953: Transport, organic fertilisation, silage cutter trailers, manure spreaders, slurry spreaders, silage cutters, mixers
UNM 954: Soil preparation, sowing, mineral fertilisation – Solid fertiliser distributors, seeders, tillage equipment, combined seeders/tillers, potato planters, etc.
UNM 956: Forestry machines – Self-propelled machines (fellers, forwarders, log loaders, skidders, etc.), hoists, forestry chippers, log splitters
UNM 957: Garden, Green spaces and Portable forestry machinery – Rototillers/rotovators, motor mowers/wheeled shredders, lawnmowers, lawn trimmers, lawn edge trimmers, hedge trimmers, blowers/vacuums, garden shredders, aerators/scarifiers, chainsaws, portable brush cutters, pole pruners, etc.
UNM 955: Fixed machinery (interior farm equipment, wine-making equipment, etc.) – Stationary silage cutters, presses, grape pumps, etc.
U36A: Milking equipment
UNM 46: Agrifood equipment – Baking and refrigeration (including milk coolers)
U51B: Irrigation – Winders, pivot-mounted and front boom irrigation equipment, etc.
U57A - U57S: Greenhouses